Guinea Worm Disease

2020 Target

Global eradication

Global burden

It is estimated that eradication of the disease would result in a 29% increase in economic return for the agricultural sector in afflicted areas.

Guinea Worm Disease (Dracunculiasis) is the largest nematode worm infection affecting humans, growing up to three feet in length. It's transmitted by drinking water containing a small crustacean that serves as an intermediary host. After growing in human tissues, the female worm emerges painfully through the skin, usually in the feet, to release larvae into water bodies.

Strategy for Elimination / Eradication / Control

There are no preventative vaccines or medicines to treat the disease. Control is achieved through case detection and containment. Water treatment or filtration can block the spread of the intermediary host.